General comment about the New Hymns.
Inside his last hymns, the New Hymns, which starts in the hymn "Dou Viva a Deus Nas Alturas" and finishes in the hymn "Pisei na Terra Fria", is him [Mestre] lecturing. It is a lecture given by him. It is him doing an explanation as if it was an end of the work's lecture. A brother once spoke of this way,
"Padrinho, why when you finish a work you don't lecture, as well as the believer do; the pastor does?"
He answered of this way,
"We don't work with the Bible here. We work with the conscience. I believe in the Bible but I don't work with the Bible in hand. My Bible is the Daime and the hymns"
He still said,
"These New Hymns are my message that I am leaving here. That's it, it is my lecture"
You see, the New Hymns are the summary of Mestre's teachings.
Pedro Domingos da Silva -- from the book Contos da Lua Branca, by Florestan Neto.
Text extract of Luiz Carlos Teixeira about the new hymns.
The so called "Hinos Novos" (New Hymns) are the last fourteen hymns received by Mestre Irineu during the last two or three years that preceded his passage, received one followed by the other, composing within the "O Cruzeiro Universal" a unique set of beauty and conceptual density among all the hymns of the Daime's doctrinaire base. For such reason, and for being the one sang at the end of the fortnightly services of concentration (except the last hymn, "Pisei na Terra Fria"), before the closing prayers, are certainly the most well-known hymns of Mestre Irineu.
Given its "block" characteristic and for condensing the central aspects of the Daime doctrine, since the 80's they started to be generically called as "O Cruzeirinho". Such denomination was spread out by the whole country and just among the veterans, still alive, it is used to call them "New Hymns". However, there is no problem to denominate them as "O Cruzeirinho", if it wasn't by the fact that in doing it so we lose the dimension of them being the "new" hymns.
Until then, right at the end of the 60's, the concentration services had its end with the Nine Prayers, a Hail Holy Queen and the dispersion of the brothers and sisters. When receiving the first of the new hymns, however, Mestre Irineu disposed that "the following hymns that he was going to receive, already calling them as the 'new hymns', don't you know? Were to be sung in the concentrations closing and with everybody standing", narrates Percília Matos da Silva, conceding–them immediately, therefore, a differentiated status, since until then we didn't sing any hymn in the concentrations, be it before, during of after.
"How did began the habit of singing the new hymns at the end of the concentration?"
"It was him who determined it"
"Was it already starting from 'Dou Viva a Deus nas Alturas?"
"Yes, with this one, because in the concentration was for us to be contrite, concentrated. He wasn't fond of babble, much talk, this thing of being giving speeches in the service, that kind of thing… Sometimes, one or twice a year, he would say something, but he wasn't to be talking, explaining too much, because he wanted the person to deepen for themselves. He would say, 'go deep, try to know something'. Now, when the person wanted to know an answer for something, they would seek him and he would explain", tells Daniel Arcelino Serra.
It seems to be no doubt that the "New Hymns" were received from 1968 or 1969 to 1970, and the last hymn came some days after Mestre Irineu's birthday, in 1970, around the 17th or 18th of December and almost seven months before his leave from this world (according to Percília Matos da Silva).
"If much, it was something like three years. He might have stayed some five years without receiving hymns and then, when the new hymns came, they came at once"
"When Mestre started to receive the new hymns, did he already start to give this name to them?"
"Already from the first: 'let's sing the new hymn folks"
"And the others, previous ones, did he never called it the 'new hymn?"
"No, he could even call but it wouldn't last because the title would come as well. But then he started to make people used to it –- let's sing the new hymns -- one, two, three and so on so forth"
"It seems that he already had in mind that they were a group"
"Exactly, and there is who says that the 'new hymns' is proper because they don't age. They stand out and we feel it, isn't it? The well clearness. We come along singing 'O Cruzeiro' and when we get to 'Sou Filho do Poder' we reach a threshold, a thing that separates, this way, to connect better. It is very beautiful…"
"But to sing the new hymns in a separated block; did Mestre Irineu already teach of this way?"
"Yes, they were sung always at the end of the concentrations and at the end of some services. So much that today we hardly close a service without singing the New Hymns. Sometimes, for the hinário being to long, like my own or the one of Tetéo, we don't sing it, but most of the time we always closes with the New Hymns. This way he adopted, and when in the concentrations, with a highlight"
"And in the concentrations, were the new hymns sung standing or sat down?"
"They were sung standing, starting from the first and until the end (Luiz Mendes do Nascimento).